Below are equipment’s commonly used in Cardiac health care facilities. Getting to know about them will probably make you and your loved ones less anxious when you eventually see them face to face.    Non-invasive equipments in the cardiology clinic are ECG and echo machine.


  1. Electrocardiography
Figure 1 ECG machine

This machine is used for a test called ECG Electrocardiogram, the test measures the electrical activities in the heart and records this in a special graph paper. Some sticky metal pins called electrodes are attached to your body and connected to the clips. The machine is turned on and it records a 10 seconds electrical activity.

Figure 2 Echo machine

The echocardiography (echo) test is the most commonly requested diagnostic investigation for Congenital Heart Disease. The test deploys sound wave to study structure and their activities in the heart.


  1. Mechanical Ventilator

Figure 3: (A & B) Mechanical Ventilators (Mindray and Maquet)Mechanical ventilators does the work of breathing either fully (for patient who cannot breathe by themselves at all) or partly (assisting patients effort). It is commonly called life support machine. The machine works by connecting to an endo or naso tracheal tube.

When a patient starts to breath well by themselves, the patient is weaned off from the machine and disconnected to resume spontaneous breathing with oxygen support.


  1. Arterial blood gas machine
Figure 4 ABG machines

The machines above helps in determining the level of ventilation and oxygenation in the blood. Blood sample is collected from the patient and the machine analyses the sample to print out the result. The result of the test shows the level of acidity or alkalinity in the blood.


    5. Infusion and syringe pumps

Figure 5 Syringe and infusion pump

These machines are used to deliver continuous intravenous medications at a regulated rate and dose. Inotropes which goes at very small rate millilitres per hour are given with this machine.


6. Laryngoscope

Figure 6 Laryngoscope

The laryngoscope is an Anaesthetist tool, it is used to assess the airway and also helps in the placement of endotracheal tube(breathing tube connector)


7. Intubation set

Figure 7 intubation/Re intubation set

The table above is always kept in the ICU, by the bedside when a patient is intubated (has a breathing/life support in). In the event that the ETT gets blocked, disconnected and a replacement is needed, this set allows for fast response. Sometimes when a patient is extubated (life support removed) he/she might require it again when she gets tired or has respiratory distress.

The set contains Laryngoscope with different blade sizes, Endotracheal tube (C shaped in the sterile pack) bag valve mask, facemask, medication etc.


8. Defibrillator

Figure 8 Defibrillator

The machine above is used to deliver shock to the heart in case of cardiac arrest, many times, this machine restarts the heart.

Figure 9 IABP

The Intra Aortic Baloon Pump is use to support the Aorta (biggest artery in the body) promotes perfusion to major organs in the body as well. It is commonly used for adult patients.


  1. Cardiac monitor

This is used to monitor haemodynamic functioning of the patient especially following a surgical or cardiac catheterization procedure. It records heart rate/pulse rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation level, blood pressure (invasive and or non invasive), CVP, End tidal carbondioxide etc. All these parameters when assessed together information about how hemodynamically stable or otherwise a patient is.

Figure 10 cardiac Monitor


11. Cathlab C-arm machine.

Figure 11 Cardiac catheterization lab/ Cath. lab

The Cath. lab is a sterile area for diagnostic and corrective cardiac catheterization procedures. The interventional cardiologist, Nurses, anaesthetist, cardiac physiologist, technicians’ etc work in this unit.

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