VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT (VSD)

  Ventricular Septal Defect is the most common type of hole in the heart (congenital heart disease) that is present from birth (Congenital) It accounts for about 20% of all […]

ATRIOVENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT (AVSD)

  AVSD  is a spectrum of cardiac malformation characterized by abnormal development of the AV junction or endocardial cushion tissue. It is commonly associated with Trisomy 21, a chromosomal abnormality. […]

ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME

  Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a life-threatening lung condition that prevents enough oxygen from getting into the blood. It is defined as a sudden and progressive form of acute […]

ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT

  ASD as it is popularly called is the 2nd most common Congenital Heart Defect, accounting for about 7-10% of all patients, and is common among females. It is a […]

TETRALOGY OF FALLOT

  Tetralogy of Fallot, T.O.F as it popularly called is a combination of 4 anomaly that a child is born with. They are Ventricular Septal Defect, Pulmonary Stenosis, Right Ventricular […]

PULMONARY HYPERTENSION

Pulmonary hypertension, defined as a mean pulmonary arterial pressure greater than 25 mm Hg at rest or greater than 30 mm Hg during exercise. Pulmonary hypertension happens when the pressure […]

PULMONARY STENOSIS

The Pulmonary artery or trunk is a blood vessel that takes blood from the heart to the lungs for oxygenation. Blood leaving the heart to the lung has low oxygen […]

TRUNCUS ARTERIOSUS

Truncus Arteriosus is a rare defect of the heart in which a single common blood vessel comes out of the heart, instead of the usual two vessels (the main pulmonary […]

INTERRUPTED AORTIC ARCH

Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is a very rare heart defect (affecting 3 per million live births) in which the aorta is not completely developed. There is a gap between the ascending and descending thoracic aorta. […]